Prenatal Monitoring - Ultrasounds during pregnancy
The Department of Prenatal Monitoring has an E8 ultrasound device for 3D or real-time 4D ultrasonography, which is one of the most modern and reliable equipment for the accurate imaging of the fetal anatomy.
Prenatal monitoring enables doctors to detect a significant percentage of congenital diseases, especially those with anatomical defects and can be picked up by the ultrasound.
The ultrasonographic assessment of the fetal is divided into three basic ultrasounds: First trimester ultrasound
The so-called nuchal translucency ultrasound. It's performed between the 11th and the 14th week
Second trimester ultrasound. It's also called Second level ultrasound and is performed between the 20th and the 23rd week. In the so-called Anomaly Scan, the doctors are examining and measuring the individual components of the brain, the bones of the skull and face, the nuchal edema, the heart, lungs and diaphragm, as well as the abdominal organs, the urinary system, the upper and lower limbs, the presence of amniotic fluid and, finally, the amount of and the umbilical cord itself.
The doctors assess and measure the length of the cervix, as well as the position of the fetus and the placenta inside the uterus. These information are truly important, since they can dramatically change the method and time of delivery.
After the test, approximately 70-75% of congenital fetal anatomies can be ruled out (Pinto et al, 2003).
During the third trimester ultrasound (30th -34th week), the doctor examines the normal development of the fetus, the quantity of the amniotic fluid, the exact position of the placenta and its degree of maturity.
The main and more frequently used prenatal invasive procedures are:
- Trophoblast biopsy
- Cordocentesis (PUBS)